Compromise of 1850 Map
Compromise of 1850 Map
The Compromise of 1850 map shows the existing Free States and the existing Slave States. The entry as Texas as a Slave State and the entry of California as a Free State. The territories of Utah and New Mexico were organized and opened to the people by Popular Sovereignty on Slavery as indicated on the map.
What was the Compromise of 1850?
The Compromise of 1850 consisted of five bills passed in the United States in September 1850 under the following general headings:
● An Act proposing the Northern and Western Boundaries of Texas
● An act for the admission of the state of California into the union
● An act to establish a territorial government for Utah
● An act to amend the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act
● An act to suppress the slave trade in the District of Columbia
History of the Compromise of 1850 for kids: Why was the Compromise of 1850 created?
What was the reason for the Compromise of 1850? The Compromise of 1850 was created in an attempt to resolve disputes over slavery between the north and the south. The issue on slavery had intensified with the swift growth of land acquisitions,. The United States believed in its Manifest Destiny and was determined to achieve Westward Expansion and dominate the whole of the North American continent. The burning issue that divided the north and south related to the expansion of slavery and whether the new territories should become free states or slave states. The differences in opinion between the anti-slavery factions and the pro-slavery factions were irreconcilable. Politicians sought compromises to appease both sides.
History of the Compromise of 1850 for kids: Timeline of Events leading to the 1850 Compromise
Why was the Compromise of 1850 created? This short history timeline details the critical events regarding the issue of slavery that all played a critical part in the creation of the Compromise of 1850.
History of the Compromise of 1850: Timeline of Events
Compromise of 1850 History Fact 1: 1820: The first big compromise was made in the 1820 Missouri Compromise which retained the balance between slave and free states.
Compromise of 1850 History Fact 2: 1832: The sectional interests of the North and the South were delayed, but were brought into open conflict for the first time with the 1832 Nullification Crisis
Compromise of 1850 History Fact 3: 1833: The Nullification Crisis led to the establishment of the Abolitionist Movement
Compromise of 1850 History Fact 4: 1836: The Gag Rule was passed banning all petitions calling for the Abolition of Slavery. It remained in place between 1836 and 1844
Compromise of 1850 History Fact 5: 1845: The dissension was exacerbated with the Annexation of Texas when Texas was admitted as a slave state in 1845
Compromise of 1850 History Fact 6: 1846: The Wilmot Proviso of 1846, an amendment to the $2million appropriations bill to fund the Mexican-American War, proposed that slavery should be banned in the territories acquired from Mexico.
Compromise of 1850 History Fact 7: 1846: The Wilmot Proviso was never enacted into law, but it broke the "Gag Rule", opening the slavery issue to be debated in Congress
Compromise of 1850 History Fact 8: 1846 - 1848: The Mexican-American War
Compromise of 1850 History Fact 9: 1848: The differences between the anti-slavery factions and the pro-slavery factionserupted when Mexico ceded Upper California and New Mexico to the United States in the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Compromise of 1850 History Fact 10: 1850: Henry Clay drafts the Compromise of 1850 which is brokered by Clay and Senator Stephen A. Douglas
History of the Compromise of 1850: Timeline of Events
The Compromise of 1850 for kids: President Zachary Taylor
President Zachary Taylor became increasingly alarmed by the hostile situation between the northern and southern states. He needed to find a fast resolution before the situation became completely out of hand. President Taylor also favored admission of California and New Mexico as free states and therefore sent government agents to New Mexico and California to urge the citizens to demand immediate admission to the Union. When Congress met in 1849, President Taylor stated that California had demanded admission as a free state. The Southerners were furious - they had expected that California would become a slave state. Taylor's attempt to diffuse the situation had achieved the opposite. A compromise was needed to calm the two factions, but proposals were impeded by the president. And then, during the midst of all this turmoil, the nation received the news that President Zachary Taylor had died on July 9, 1850. The new President was the conservative Millard Fillmore who made the compromise proposals more feasible. President Fillmore was faced with the unenviable task of calming the nation on the question of slavery.
The Reasons for the Compromise of 1850 for kids: Slavery Issues
The reasons for the Compromise of 1850 highlighted the issues of slavery, that were increasing sectional conflict and the hostile relationships between the northern and southern states of the Union:
● The request of California to join the Union as a free state
● The Anti-slavery faction of the North continued to promote the Wilmot Proviso prohibiting slavery in the lands acquired from Mexico
● The Pro-slavery faction in the South vehemently opposed the exclusion of slavery from the new territories
● The advocates of Popular Sovereignty were arguing for the right of the people of the New Mexico and Utah territories to determine the slavery issue for themselves
● Anti-slavery groups were agitating for the slave trade to be outlawed in the District of Columbia
● The Southern states were complaining that the Northern states were not enforcing the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 and returning runaway slaves to their owners
● The failure of this compromise was one of the Causes of the Civil War
The Compromise of 1850 for kids: Threat of Civil War
Many politicians were becoming increasingly concerned over the possibility that some Southern states might secede, leading to the dissolution of the Union and Civil War. A compromise had to be made to find some middle ground to avoid this ultimate and disastrous form of confrontation.
The Compromise of 1850 for kids: Henry Clay and the "Union of Hearts"
There were many issues to be addressed on the subject of slavery. Henry Clay proposed measures that would become the Compromise of 1850, based upon the ideas of Stephen A. Douglas who advocated the doctrine of Popular Sovereignty. Henry Clay believed his plan would end all disputes between Northerners and Southerners by the acceptance of the compromise which he hoped would result in a "union of hearts." His plan was the Southerners were to permit the admission of California as a free state, and to agree to the abolition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia. The Northerners were to consent to the organization of New Mexico and Utah as territories without any provision for or against slavery. The Texans claimed that a part of the proposed Territory of New Mexico belonged to Texas, so Henry Clay suggested that the United States should pay Texas for this land. The final element of the Henry Clay Compromise of 1850 was that Congress should pass a more stringent Fugitive Slave Act.
The Compromise of 1850 Provisions:
The Henry Clay, Daniel Webster and Stephen A. Douglas spoke eloquently in favor of the Compromise of 1850. The Compromise of 1850 provisions were:
● Proposals for the Northern and Western Boundaries of Texas
● California's admission to the Union as a free state
● The organization of New Mexico and Utah as territories without restrictions on slavery
● A more stringent fugitive slave law to provide for the return of slaves who had escaped from one state into another
● The abolition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia
Because it was a compromise, few politicians were in favor of the provisions but when votes were taken on each separate part they all passed. The five compromise measures contained in the Compromise of 1850 were enacted in September 1850.
The Significance and Effects of the Compromise of 1850 for kids
The significance and effects of the Compromise of 1850 were as follows:
● The Compromise of 1850 was seen as favoring the south
● Compromise of 1850 was only temporary expedient, not a resolution, to the differing opinions on slavery or a permanent political solution
● The application of the new strict 1850 Fugitive Slave Act encouraged more people in the north to become involved in the Abolitionist Movement
● The precedent of Popular Sovereignty in the Compromise of 1850 led to a demand for a similar provision for the Kansas Territory in the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act
● Following the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act violence broke out between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions and reached a state of low intensity civil war and this devastating event became known 'Bleeding Kansas'
● The Anti-slavery Whigs disagreed with the Compromise of 1850 and successfully prevented the re-nomination of Millard Fillmore and led to the destruction of the Whig Party
● The Anti-slavery Whigs also joined the Free Soil Party which eventually emerged as the Republican Party
● The Compromise of 1850 was designed to avert the threat of dissolution of the Union. It was relatively short-lived as the Civil War broke out 10 years later
The Compromise of 1850 - President Millard Fillmore Video
The article on the Compromise of 1850 provides an overview of one of the Important issues of his presidential term in office. The following Millard Fillmore video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 13th American President whose presidency spanned from July 9, 1850 to March 4, 1853.
The Compromise of 1850, aka the Omnibus Bill
● Interesting Facts about The Compromise of 1850for kids and schools
● Definition of the Compromise of 1850 in US history
● Compromise of 1850 Map, a Important event in US history
● Effects and Significance of the Compromise of 1850
● Fast, fun, interesting facts about the Compromise of 1850
● Reasons for the Compromise of 1850
● Millard Fillmore Presidency and the Compromise of 1850 for schools, homework, kids and children
The Compromise of 1850
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The Compromise of 1850
The Compromise of 1850 and Kansas-Nebraska Acts were very advantageous to the South. In both pieces of legislation the south gained things that would aid them in their campaign to expand slavery. The advantages the south included a stronger fugitive slave law, the possibility for slavery to exist in the remaining part of the Mexican Cession, the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, and the eventual plan to build the Southern Pacific Railroad.
One item in the Compromise of 1850 was the provision for a stronger Fugitive Slave Law. This new law made it a federal crime to not return a runaway slave to the south. The law also established that any suspected runaway slave was to be tried by a single judge, not by a jury. Also, these judges were compensated by a system that provided them with more money for deciding that the slave was guilty than innocent. This law obviously encouraged people not to harbor runaway slaves, and when they were caught, it provided the judge an incentive to have them returned to the south.
Another advantage of the Compromise of 1850 to the south was that the rest of the Mexican Cession territory was to be divided into the two territories of Utah, and New Mexico. It was also said that when these territories eventually applied for statehood, the people of the new states would decide for themselves if they were to be free states or slave states. This was good for the south because it made it possible for the new territory to eventually become slave states, and that would not be possible if the 36-30 line was extended westward. The compromise also said nothing prohibiting people from bringing their slaves to the territory in the meantime.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act was a great victory for the south. The greatest benefit to the south was the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, which established the sacred 36-30 line. If the Missouri Compromise had stayed in place, there would have been no more possibility for the expansion of slavery, since there was no land left south of the 36-30 line; under the Missouri Compromise southern expansion was hampered by the existence of the Gulf of Mexico. As a result of the line being repealed, it was possible for slavery to exist in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska because of popular sovereignty.
How to Cite this Page
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Compromise Runaway Slave Missouri Compromise New Law Kansas-nebraska Act New Mexico Repeal Territory Incentive
It was also thought that since Kansas was directly west of Missouri, a slave state, Kansas would also choose to become a slave state. The south also tricked the north into thinking they had gotten the better part of the deal because they were going to get the Union Pacific Railroad, but the north was unaware of the plan to build the Southern Pacific Railroad, which would benefit the south.
There are very strong facts to show that the south was the greater benefactor in the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act. The benefits that the south reaped far outweigh those of the north. The possibility of the expansion now seemed like a much greater possibility than it had been before the Compromise of 1850 and Kansas-Nebraska Act.